PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine

The PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine has very good processing performance and can be processed in existing plastics. Various types of molding processing are performed on general-purpose equipment, which has the best processing performance of degradable plastics.

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  • Warranty: 1 Year
  • Average Lead Time: Peak season lead time: 3-6 months, Off season lead time: 1-3 months

PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine Main technical parameters

Model Diameter L/D Rotating speed(r/min) Power(N.m) Capacity Weight(kg)
65 62.4 36-40 500 716 180-250 4000
75 71 36-40 600 716 200-300 4000
85 83 36-40 600 875 400-550 4000
95 91 32-56 500 1050 500-650 4000
135 133 36-40 600 1050 1550 4000

 

PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine
PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine

PLA PBAT degradable plastic granulator

The production process of Jwell Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd. combined with the characteristics of PBAT, and successfully developed a direct continuous esterification production process.

Its operating characteristics are as follows:

  1. In order to reduce the occurrence of side reactions of BDO, reduce the generation of THF, and reduce the consumption of raw materials, the entire esterification reaction is under vacuum conditions. It can lower the esterification reaction temperature and reduce energy consumption at the same time.
  2. Due to the low activity of the raw materials, high-performance catalysts are used; the PBAT degradable plastic granulator has the characteristics of easy hydrolysis and deactivation of the catalyst. The traditional method of adding the catalyst above the liquid level is changed to below the liquid level. Join to solve the above problems.
  3. During the polycondensation process, the oligomers produced are easily carried into the spray system along with the vacuum gas phase pipeline, causing system blockage. To this end, a cyclone separation and collection system are installed on the gas phase pipeline, and the generated oligomers are collected and captured by a cyclone separator, and the tail gas enters the BDO spray circulation system.
  4. During the esterification reaction process, although the degree of side reactions can be reduced, they cannot be avoided.

The main components of the esterification wastewater are THF and water. Because THF is of low toxicity, PBAT degrades plastic granulators but its high concentration is easy to cause harm to the human body. If it is directly discharged into sewage treatment, it will harm the bacteria in the sewage treatment system. For this purpose, a THF recovery device PBAT degradable plastic granulator Jwell Machinery Co., Ltd. is set up.

The PBAT degradable plastic granulator separates THF and water. After the recovery device is processed, the mass fraction of THF can reach more than 99.95%. The mass fraction of THF in the wastewater is controlled at about 0.05%; at the same time, this part of the wastewater is sent to the wastewater stripping tower for steam stripping, and the THF and other organic substances are extracted. The heat resistance is good, and the heat distortion temperature is close to 100℃.

After modification, the use temperature can exceed 100℃, and it can be used to prepare hot and cold beverage packaging and lunch boxes. It overcomes the shortcomings of the low heat resistance temperature of other biodegradable plastics.

The PBAT degradable plastic granulator has very good processing performance and can be processed in existing plastics. Various types of molding processing are performed on general-purpose equipment, which has the best processing performance of degradable plastics. At the same time, a large amount of calcium carbonate, starch, and other fillers can be blended to obtain low-priced products; polyethylene bags will produce a large number of oxygenated compounds after degradation.

Specifically speaking, after degradation, the large molecules of the plastic become many small molecules of ketones, aldehydes, acids, esters, etc. The Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences used a 1600x microscope to observe the degraded debris-it can be clearly seen that a large number of fungi, bacteria, and mycelium are attached to the surface of the degraded debris. This shows that in the later stage of degradation-biodegradation can completely make it harmless-assimilated with the soil and absorbed by the environment.

JWELL biodegradable compounding machine

biodegradable compounding machine

biodegradable plastic compounding machine

jwell biodegradable plastic compounding machine

JWELL compounding machine

The technical field relates to a fully biodegradable PLA/PBAT composite material and a preparation method thereof.

PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine Background technique:

The use of plastic film has penetrated into all areas of people’s lives and is widely used in food packaging, electronic and electrical product packaging, shopping bags, garbage bags, etc.

The raw materials of traditional plastic film materials such as polypropylene (PP) film and polyethylene (PE) film are petroleum, which is difficult to degrade after being discarded in nature, causing great harm to the environment. With the increasing depletion of petroleum resources and people’s increasing awareness of environmental protection, the development of fully degradable environmentally friendly polymer materials for application in the field of thin-film materials has become the mainstream of future development.

Polylactic acid (PLA) is an aliphatic polyester obtained by converting starch extracted from renewable plant resources such as corn and potato into glucose, which is fermented into lactic acid and further polymerized. The glass transition temperature Tg of PLA is about 55°C, and the melting point Tm is about 180°C. PLA has good biocompatibility and high strength and can be completely biodegraded. The final product after degradation is water and carbon dioxide. Therefore, it is non-toxic. Will not cause environmental pollution. Although PLA has excellent comprehensive properties and high strength, its toughness is poor. The elongation at break of pure PLA is about 4%.

Poly(butylene terephthalate-co-butylene adipate) ester (PBAT) is an aliphatic-aromatic copolyester. This copolyester has good biodegradability. The final product of degradation is water and carbon dioxide. It is an environmentally friendly polymer material. At the same time, it also has good ductility and toughness, as well as good heat resistance. And impact performance. Therefore, by blending polylactic acid and poly(butylene terephthalate-co-butylene adipate) ester, using the performance advantages of the two to complement each other, adjusting the blending ratio of the two, not only can obtain higher strength It can also improve the flexibility of the blend. The film prepared by the blend can achieve full biodegradation and is an environmentally friendly material.

However, compared with traditional polypropylene, polyethylene, and other materials that can be used to prepare films, the cost of preparation of polylactic acid and poly(butylene terephthalate-co-butylene adipate) is higher, especially It’s the latter. This will make the fully biodegradable film prepared by the blend of PLA and PBAT at a price disadvantage compared with the traditional plastic film, which is not conducive to its promotion and application. Starch is widely found in plants in nature, rich in resources, low in price, and biodegradable. Therefore, by adding starch to the blend of PLA and PBAT, the prepared composition can not only achieve full biodegradation but also can reduce the preparation cost of the composition and increase its market competitiveness.

After searching the prior art, it is found that the patent CN102257068 discloses a biodegradable packaging film; blending polylactic acid, starch, and aliphatic-aromatic copolyester, and realizing the blend by adjusting their blending ratio The balance of mechanical properties. Since polylactic acid, starch, and aliphatic-aromatic copolyester have poor compatibility with each other, it is difficult to obtain a composition with better mechanical properties by simple blending.

The literature (CarbohydratePolymers[J], 2009, 77: 576–582) reported the use of maleic anhydride in the double bond polymerization to connect a section of polymer with good compatibility with polyester as a compatibilizer to compatibilized polylactic acid and starch. And aliphatic-aromatic ternary blend; however, the disadvantage of using this compatibilizer is that it is not biodegradable, which destroys the full biodegradability of the blend. Although using isocyanate chain extenders as compatibilizers can also improve the compatibility of the three, on the one hand, isocyanate chain extenders are more toxic, and on the other hand, most of them are liquid, which is inconvenient to add and use.

PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine technical solutions:

 

A PLA/PBAT composite material made of components including the following parts by weight:

  • 10-90 parts of polylactic acid
  • poly(butylene terephthalate-co- 10-90 parts of butanediol adipate
  • 10-80 parts of thermoplastic starch
  • 0.01-1.5 parts of compatibilizer A
  • 0.1-10 parts of compatibilizer B
  • 1-40 parts of filler

The polylactic acid has a weight average molecular weight of 40,000 to 300,000, which is mainly obtained by polymerization of L-lactic acid, and the system also contains <5% by weight of D-lactic acid.

The poly(butylene terephthalate-co-butylene adipate) ester (PBAT) has a weight average molecular weight of 20,000 to 130,000 and is based on terephthalic acid or dimethyl terephthalate, butylene Alcohol and adipic acid are polymerized as raw materials.

The thermoplastic starch is one or more of thermoplastic potato starch, thermoplastic corn starch, thermoplastic tapioca starch, and thermoplastic wheat starch. The compatibilizer A is dicumyl peroxide (DCP).

The compatibilizer B is one or more of maleic anhydride, pyromellitic anhydride, or citric acid. The filler is one or more of calcium carbonate, kaolin, silica, mica, montmorillonite, clay, barium carbonate, or talc.

A method for preparing the above-mentioned fully biodegradable PLA/PBAT composite material includes the following steps:

  1. Combining polylactic acid, poly(butylene terephthalate-co-butylene adipate) ester, thermoplastic starch, and The filler is dried;
  2. Weigh the following components by weight according to the above ratio: 10-90 parts of polylactic acid, poly(butylene terephthalate-co-butylene adipate) 10-90 parts, thermoplastic starch 10-80 parts, compatibilizer A 0.01-1.5 parts, compatibilizer B 0.1-10 parts, filler 1-40 parts; mix the above raw materials uniformly;
  3. Step ( 2) The uniformly mixed raw materials are added to the twin-screw extruder to melt and blend, extrude, stretch, and pelletize.

In step (1), polylactic acid and poly(butylene terephthalate-co-co- The drying temperature of butanediol adipate and thermoplastic starch is 60-80℃, and the drying time is 6-24h; the drying temperature of filler is 100-120℃, and the time is 5-10h; the drying equipment is a vacuum oven or drum Wind oven.

In step (3), the twin-screw extruder is a co-rotating or out-of-phase twin-screw extruder, the extrusion temperature is 110-180°C, the screw speed is 60-600 rpm, and the screw length-to-diameter ratio L/D is 40- 50:1. The technical solution of the PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine can not only improve the interface compatibility between the components of the composition, but also has convenient processing and operation, which can greatly reduce the preparation cost of the composition, and the obtained composition has better mechanical properties and flexibility. It can be used to prepare packaging materials and disposable tableware.

The PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine has the following beneficial effects:

The fully biodegradable composite material provided by the PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine not only enables the thermoplastic starch to have good dispersibility in the two polymer matrices of PLA and PBAT but also enables the two polymer matrices to have good dispersibility. It has good interface compatibility; at the same time, the processing operation is simple, the product manufacturing cost is low, the obtained composition has good mechanical properties and flexibility, is completely biodegradable, and can be widely used in packaging materials and disposable tableware, etc.

A detailed description of PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine

 

The PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine will be further described below in conjunction with embodiments.

The main components of the PLA polymerization raw materials selected in the examples are all L-lactic acid, and they also contain <5% by weight of D-lactic acid.

Mechanical performance test:

The tensile performance test standard is ASTM D638, and the tensile speed is 50mm/min.

Example 1

  1. PLA (weight average molecular weight of 200,000), PBAT (weight average molecular weight of 125,000), and thermoplastic corn starch were dried in a blast oven at 80°C for 10 hours, and talc (1250 mesh) was blown at 105°C. Drying in an oven for 8 hours;
  2. Then take 90 parts of PLA, 10 parts of PBAT, 10 parts of thermoplastic corn starch, 0.01 parts of compatibilizer A di cumyl peroxide, 0.1 parts of compatibilizer B maleic anhydride, 2 parts Talcum powder is mixed in a high-mixer at room temperature for 5 minutes;
  3. The obtained mixture is added to a twin-screw machine for extruding and granulation.

The temperature of each zone of the twin-screw machine is 150°C in the first zone, 160°C in the second zone, and 160°C in the third zone. ,170℃ in four zones, 170℃ in five zones, 175℃ in six zones, 180℃ in seven zones, 180℃ in eight zones, 180℃ in nine zones, 175℃ in ten zones, and 175℃ for machine head; screw speed is 200rpm, L/D ratio L /D=44/1.

Example 2

  1. PLA (weight average molecular weight of 300,000), PBAT (weight average molecular weight of 28,000), and thermoplastic tapioca starch were dried in a 60°C blast oven for 24 hours, and calcium carbonate (1250 mesh) was blown at 110°C. Drying in an oven for 6 hours;
  2. Then take 60 parts PLA, 40 parts PBAT, 40 parts thermoplastic tapioca starch, 0.5 parts compatibilizer A di cumyl peroxide, 2 parts compatibilizer B pyromellitic anhydride, 20 parts of calcium carbonate were mixed in a high-mixer at room temperature for 5 minutes;
  3. The obtained mixture was added to a twin-screw machine for extruding and granulation.

The temperature of each zone of the twin-screw machine was 150°C in the first zone, 160°C in the second zone, and 160°C in the third zone. 160℃, four-zone 170℃, five-zone 170℃, six-zone 175℃, seven-zone 180℃, eight-zone 180℃, nine-zone 180℃, ten-zone 175℃, head 175℃; screw speed is 200rpm, long diameter Ratio L/D=44/1.

Example 3

  1. PLA (weight average molecular weight 100,000), PBAT (weight average molecular weight 100,000), and thermoplastic wheat starch were dried in a blast oven at 60°C for 24 hours, and kaolin (1250 mesh) was dried in a blast oven at 110°C Medium-drying treatment for 10h;
  2. Then take 10 parts of PLA, 90 parts of PBAT, 40 parts of thermoplastic wheat starch, 1.4 parts of compatibilizer A di cumyl peroxide, 10 parts of compatibilizer B citric acid, and 40 parts of kaolin. Mix for 5 minutes at room temperature in a high-mixer;
  3. Add the obtained mixture to a twin-screw machine for extruding and granulation.

The temperature of each zone of the twin-screw machine is 150°C in the first zone, 160°C in the second zone, 160°C in the third zone, and four-zone 170℃, five-zone 170℃, six-zone 175℃, seven-zone 180℃, eight-zone 180℃, nine-zone 180℃, ten-zone 175℃, head 175℃; screw speed is 200rpm, length to diameter ratio L/D= 44/1.

Example 4

  1. PLA (weight average molecular weight 200,000), PBAT (weight average molecular weight 125,000), and thermoplastic potato starch were dried in a blast oven at 80°C for 10 hours, and silica (1250 mesh) was drummed at 110°C. Drying in an air oven for 8 hours;
  2. Then take 20 parts of PLA, 80 parts of PBAT, 70 parts of thermoplastic potato starch, 1 part of compatibilizer A di cumyl peroxide, 8 parts of compatibilizer B maleic anhydride, 10 parts Part of silica was mixed in a high-mixer at room temperature for 5 minutes;
  3. The obtained mixture was added to a twin-screw machine for extruding and granulation.

The temperature of each zone of the twin-screw machine was 150°C in the first zone, 160°C in the second zone, and 160°C in the third zone. 160℃, four-zone 170℃, five-zone 170℃, six-zone 175℃, seven-zone 180℃, eight-zone 180℃, nine-zone 180℃, ten-zone 175℃, head 175℃; screw speed is 200rpm, long diameter Ratio L/D=44/1.

Comparative Example 1

  1. PLA (weight average molecular weight 200,000), PBAT (weight average molecular weight 125,000), and thermoplastic corn starch were dried for 10 hours in a blast oven at 80°C, and talc powder (1250 mesh) was blown at 105°C. Drying in an oven for 8 hours;
  2. Then take 90 parts of PLA, 10 parts of PBAT, 10 parts of thermoplastic corn starch, and 2 parts of talcum powder in a high-mixer and mix at room temperature for 5 minutes;
  3. Add the obtained mixture to the twin-screw machine Mid-extrusion granulation.

The temperature of each zone of the twin-screw machine is 150°C in the first zone, 160°C in the second zone, 160°C in the third zone, 170°C in the fourth zone, 170°C in the fifth zone, 175°C in the sixth zone, 180°C in the seventh zone, and 180°C in the eight zones 180℃, nine zones 180℃, ten zones 175℃, machine head 175℃; screw speed is 200rpm, length to diameter ratio L/D=44/1. 

Example 5

  1. PLA (weight average molecular weight 40,000), PBAT (weight average molecular weight 20,000), and thermoplastic potato starch were dried in a 70°C blast oven for 6 hours, and montmorillonite (1250 mesh) was drummed at 120°C. Drying in an air oven for 5h;
  2. Then take 50 parts of PLA, 50 parts of PBAT, 30 parts of thermoplastic potato starch, 0.01 parts of compatibilizer A di cumyl peroxide, 5 parts of compatibilizer B citric acid, 1 part The montmorillonite is mixed in a high-mixer at room temperature for 5 minutes;
  3. The obtained mixture is added to a twin-screw machine for extruding and granulation.

The temperature of each zone of the twin-screw machine is 150°C in the first zone, 160°C in the second zone, and 160°C in the third zone. ℃, four zones 170℃, five zones 170℃, six zones 175℃, seven zones 180℃, eight zones 180℃, nine zones 180℃, ten zones 175℃, head 175℃; screw speed is 200rpm, length-diameter ratio L/D=40/1.

Example 6

  1. PLA (weight-average molecular weight of 150,000), PBAT (weight-average molecular weight of 130,000), and thermoplastic corn starch were dried in a 60°C blast oven for 18 hours, and barium carbonate (1250 mesh) was blown at 110°C. Dry in an oven for 7 hours;
  2. Then take 40 parts PLA, 60 parts PBAT, 50 parts thermoplastic potato starch, 0.8 parts compatibilizer A di cumyl peroxide, 6 parts compatibilizer B citric acid, 20 parts carbonic acid Barium is mixed in a high-mixer at room temperature for 5 minutes;
  3. The obtained mixture is added to a twin-screw machine for extruding and granulation.

The temperature of each zone of the twin-screw machine is 150°C in the first zone, 160°C in the second zone, 160°C in the third zone, Four-zone 170℃, five-zone 170℃, six-zone 175℃, seven-zone 180℃, eight-zone 180℃, nine-zone 180℃, ten-zone 175℃, head 175℃; screw speed is 200rpm, length-to-diameter ratio L/ D=50/1. The above description of the embodiment is for the convenience of this

PLA PBAT biodegradable compounding machine Technical field

Fully biodegradable packaging bag

After the product is used, it can be completely biodegradable by burying it in the ground for 180 days.

  • Zero burdens on the environment. Using fully biodegradable materials, after being buried in the ground for 180 days, it can be completely biodegraded into water and carbon dioxide. The composted soil is rich in nutrients.
  • Zero worries about health. This product has a fragrant smell and does not contain harmful ingredients to the human body and the environment
  • Stretching force. Whether the bag is stretched vertically or horizontally, it is very strong, and the stretching force and load-bearing capacity are twice that of the traditional new bag
  • Thick feel. The raw material of this product is bio-based, which reduces the dependence on petroleum resources, and feels thick and strong.

Polylactic acid can be made into various bags, such as degradable garbage bags, degradable daily necessities bags, degradable shopping bags, degradable packaging bags, degradable express bags, etc.

Fully biodegradable plastic resin

biodegradable plastic resin

biodegradable plastic

What are degradable packaging bags and fully degradable packaging bags?

Degradable packaging bags mean that they can be degraded, but degradation can be divided into “degradable” and “fully degradable”.

Partial degradation refers to plastics that are added with a certain amount of additives (such as starch, modified starch or other cellulose, photosensitizers, degradants, etc.) during the production process to reduce their stability and are easier to degrade in the natural environment.

Total degradation means that all plastic products degrade into water and carbon dioxide. The main raw material of this fully degradable material is processed (corn, cassava, etc.) into lactic acid, which is PLA.

Degradation process

Polylactic acid (PLA) is a new type of bio-based and renewable biodegradable material. Starch raw materials are saccharified to obtain glucose, which is then fermented by glucose and certain strains to produce high-purity lactic acid, and then a certain molecular weight is synthesized by chemical synthesis. Of polylactic acid. It has good biodegradability.

After use, it can be completely degraded by microorganisms in nature under specific conditions. It will eventually generate carbon dioxide and water without polluting the environment. This is very beneficial to environmental protection and is recognized as an environmentally friendly material. At present, the main bio-based material of fully degradable packaging bags is composed of PLA+PBAT, which can be completely decomposed into water and carbon dioxide in 3-6 months under composting conditions (60-70 degrees), which is extremely environmentally friendly.

PBAT is a copolymer of adipic acid, 1,4-butanediol, and terephthalic acid. It is a chemically synthesized aliphatic-aromatic that can be excessively biodegradable. Group polymer, PBAT has excellent flexibility and can be used for film extrusion, blowing processing, extrusion coating, and other molding processing. The purpose of blending PLA and PBAT is to improve PLA’s toughness, biodegradation, and molding processing properties. PLA and PBAT are incompatible, so choosing a suitable compatibilizer can maximize the performance of PLA.

 

FAQ

  • International Commercial Terms(Incoterms): FOB, CFR, CIF, EXW
  • Terms of Payment: LC, T/T
  • Average Lead Time: Peak season lead time: 3-6 months, Off season lead time: 1-3 months
  • Number of Foreign Trading Staff:>50 People

Yes, We own 5 manufacturing bases and sales center in Shanghai , Suzhou ,Changzhou, Zhou Shan, Dongguan China.
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